Home » Health » Health Department warns parents about a significant increase in cases of hand-foot-mouth syndrome – General – Rondoniagora.com

Health Department warns parents about a significant increase in cases of hand-foot-mouth syndrome – General – Rondoniagora.com


The Secretary of State for Health (Sesau), warns parents and guardians about the significant increase in cases of hand-foot-mouth syndrome. In recent weeks, about 5 to 7 cases were reported daily at Hospital Infantil Cosme e Damião (HICD), in Porto Velho. The disease is considered contagious that usually affects children up to 5 years of age and adults over 13 years of age.

According to the medical specialist in pediatrics and clinical director of the HICD, Luana Baratella, despite the high rates, it is still not considered an outbreak of the disease. “To be considered an outbreak, several notifications from the same group of people are needed, for example in a school or a community, and what has been seen here so far are cases of different locations, but which can worsen if there is no awareness population”, warned the doctor.

In municipal units of basic health care, such as clinics, polyclinics and emergency care (UPA), there are also reports of a greater flow due to the disease.

Streaming

Caused by the coxsackie group virus, the transmission of this type of seasonal virus, that is, it occurs more frequently during a period of the year, can be spread from person to person through coughing, sneezing, saliva, direct contact with blisters that have burst , objects, food, contact with infected feces, especially during the first seven days of illness.

The pediatrician says that, compared to the flow of care last year, there has been an evolution in recent weeks. School is usually the most common environment for the virus to spread. “In day care centers, contamination is very common, sometimes when changing the child’s diaper, the parents themselves forget to wash their hands at the time of the child’s hygiene and, with contaminated hands, they transmit it to the children, and it can also be passed on by droplets and nasal secretions”, explained the pediatrician.

Symptoms

Symptoms appear after the incubation period of the disease, which lasts about 3 to 7 days, of the virus infection, usually symptoms include:

Fever above 38°C
Sore throat
loss of appetite
Discomfort
Painful and irritating blisters on hands, feet, mouth and sometimes in the intimate region
Peeling hands and feet

Prevention

Contaminated with the disease should stay at home to prevent the spread of the virus. It is important to remain isolated until all symptoms are gone. As the virus can still be shed in the stool even after symptoms have healed, it is important to remember to wash your hands thoroughly.

There is no vaccine for hand-foot-mouth disease, but simple measures such as these can be taken to prevent the spread of the disease.

Diagnosis x treatment

The diagnosis of the disease is clinical, given by the doctor or pediatrician. Most often considered mild, if there is suspicion, the pediatrician recommends that analgesics or antipyretics be used, as well as good hydration, preferably ice water, as it relieves oral pain.

Treatment usually does not require hospitalization and guidance is to avoid taking children during this pandemic period to hospital units due to the risk of contagion with the coronavirus. “The lesions are appearing with a little more aggravation lately, but they can be treated at home, but in more serious diagnoses it is possible that the sores appear in other regions of the body such as elbows, buttocks and knees, and even in the whole body , which is not common, and if the complications worsen, they may present neurological changes”, explains pediatrician Luana Baratella.

Symptoms usually disappear between the seventh and tenth day without leaving any blemishes or scars. The nails of both the toes and the hands can fall out due to desquamation, which can often be severe, or not, at the end of the symptoms.

If the condition does not improve, the orientation is to go to a nearest health unit, where anti-inflammatory drugs, remedies for itching and ointments to relieve symptoms will be prescribed, and even feeding via tube or intravenous serum, in case of child is unable to feed because of blisters in the throat.

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